Day 1: Dog Vomiting and Diarrhea

Welcome to Day 1 of this 4 Day course. We hope you find the tips helpful. Today we are going to talk about what to do if your dog has diarrhea or if they are vomiting.

Pointer #1
Young animals can
easily die from dehydration
so make sure to offer
liquids at all times

Part 1: Dog Diarrhea

What is Diarrhea?

It is not unusual for a dog to have the occasional bout of diarrhea. This usually happens when your dog has eaten something that does agree with the stomach and irritates it.

Sometimes you may even see blood, depending on how irritated the intestinal lining is.

Clinical signs that you need to be aware of include:

>loss of appetite >vomiting >weakness >fever >the need to defecate several times daily as well as continuing to strain after defecating.

The main issues with diarrhea it that it causes fluid loss which can lead to severe dehydration, acid-base imbalances, and electrolyte problems.

When to see the vet

If your dog has had diarrhea AND vomiting AND does not want to drink water, you should call your vet as soon as you can.

What Causes Diarrhea?

There are many things that can cause diarrhea in dogs. The main ones are stress, diet changes, and eating garbage.

Other causes can include consuming chemicals, food allergies, medication reaction, parasites, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis, etc.

What to do

Pointer #2
Most cases of diarrhea
can be treated at home
by restricting food for 24hrs.

The majority of diarrhea cases can be handled at home. Just withhold food for 24 hours, but make sure water is always available.

Once the diarrhea stops, feed your dog in small meals of a bland diet like cooked rice and chicken.

After that, just slowly switch back to a normal diet.

***In puppies with severe diarrhea, withholding food should not be done without consulting a veterinarian because these small animals are very prone to low blood sugar and dehydration.

Some holistic remedies can possibly give some relief for pets suffering from diarrhea. Most herbal remedies are safe, and some can be quite effective to help restore your dog's digestive tract back to health.

Some herbs that might help a dog that has diarrhea include plantagomjor and alchemilla vulgaris.

Homeopathic remedies like sulfur, podophyllium, and arsen alb can help to restore gastrointestinal movements back to normal.

Tips to prevent diarrhea in dogs:

>Feed your dog high quality, commercial pet food or a well balanced all natural diet that contains all the essential vitamins, minerals and nutrients

>Avoid feeding your dog table scraps, bones or snacks and exclude bran, sugar and lactose products from his diet

>If your dog has loose stools, give his stomach a rest by withholding food for at least 24 hours and water for 12 hours – this will help to ease an irritated stomach

>After your pet’s fast, feed him a bland diet of cooked rice with skinless chicken and follow with small amounts of plain yogurt which contains natural bacterial cultures and soothes the bowel

>Try not to make any sudden changes to your dog’s diet – introduce new foods gradually by adding it to old food. It should take 3 – 5 days to introduce a new diet

>Inspect your dog’s stool daily for abnormalities such as loose stools, blood or mucus in stools

>Ensure that your dog is de-wormed regularly

>Keep your dog away from spoiled food and garbage cans

>Make sure that your pet’s vaccinations are updated

Part 2: Dog Vomiting

Sudden Vomiting

Most cases of vomiting in dogs happen just once and then they are done.

When should I be worried about my dog's vomiting?

You should consult your veterinarian if:

Pointer #3
The majority of dogs
vomit just once and
recover without incidence

>You suspect your pet has been exposed to toxins, garbage, a bone, plants, antifreeze, or drugs

>There is blood in the vomit (fresh blood or granules that look like coffee)

>Your pet experiences diarrhea with vomiting

>Your dog vomits each time they eat

>There is repeated vomiting and retching within a short time (3-4 times in a row)

>Your dog looks weak, depressed or lethargic.

>There is refusal to eat at the next meal after a vomiting episode

>Your dog has a fever, stomach ache, jaundice, anemia, or masses in the stomach.

What Causes Vomiting?

Dietary indiscretion is the leading cause of acute vomiting in dos. Basically your dogs eats garbage, or something that does not agree with them. Also, they may exercise to much after a large meal or may simply not be able to tolerate certain foods. Warm weather may also be a factor in some cases.

In rare cases, some pets may even have esophageal problems. But this is normally only seen in older dogs, or ones with hormonal imbalances.

Chronic Vomiting

Some of the possible causes for chronic vomiting are:

Tumor of the pancreasKidney failureLiver failure
Uterine infectionAddison’s diseaseIngestion of foreign object
GastritisCanine distemperParvovirus

Diagnosing the Cause

Pointer #4
Gently palpate your
dog's abdomen
for signs of pain

You should work with your veterinarian here, if the cause of vomiting is not obvious to you.

In the majority of cases involving diarrhea and vomiting, an inital fast of 12 to 24 hours (with access to water) normally cures most mild cases.

After the fast, start your dog on a bland diet that consists of boiled chicken and either cooked potatoes or rice in small quantities. After that, return your dog slowly to their normal diet.

Your vet may prescribe antibiotics, corticosteroids, and possibly anti-emetics depending on the cause.

Natural Remedies

A few herbs might be helpful when it comes to soothing your dog's stomach.

Glycyrrhiza glabra (licorice) is a good herb to help the entire gastrointestinal tract.

Ulmus fulva (slippery elm), Althaea officinalis (marshmallow) and Mentha piperita (Mint) are three other herbs that might help your dog. These three have been used for hundreds of years to sooth people's stomachs.

Tips For The Prevention and Treatment of Vomiting

>Try and remove your dog's food for a few hours. This might be enough to solve mild cases of stomach upset.

>Allow your dog access to water at all times to prevent dehydration, which is especially deadly in puppies.

>A bland diet of boiled chicken, rice and potatoes is good way to reintroduce your dog to solid food.

>Whenever possible, avoid sudden diet changes which can lead to vomiting and diarrhea.

>Give your dog exercise on a daily basis. This helps to promote a healthier appetite and digestive tract.

Check your email tomorrow for Day 2, where we'll cover what to do when your dog is not eating and how to prevent dehydration.

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