Airedale Terrier Dog Breed Profile

by Dr. Chris

Airedale Terrier Dog

Airedale Terrier Dog

AKC Terrier Group

The Airedale Terrier is the largest of the terrier breeds. They make a wonderful, enjoyable companion and family pet, though it might not be ones choice for a first pet.


This breed originated in the Aire section of England in the 1800's. It was mainly a water hunter of otters. In the 1880's the breed was introduced in the US. This larger dog, called an Oorang, was bred in an Ohio kennel which bears its name. Given its size and reputation as a good protector, English policemen used it on their night patrols. And in World War 1 it served as a messenger and mail carrier for soldiers behind enemy lines.

Physical Features

This dog, of prominent stature, stands about 23-24 inches and weighs approximately 55-65 pounds. Its face is strong, deep and powerful. The skull is long and flat-not and not too broad between the V-shaped ears and it narrows toward the small eyes. The top teeth close over the bottom teeth, giving it a normal scissor like bite.

The Airedale's coat is of medium length. It has a harsh top coat and soft undercoat. The body is short, strong and level; the shoulders are long and slope toward the back; the legs are perfectly straight with plenty of muscle and bone. The hind quarters are also sturdy and well muscled. The tail meanwhile is shortened or docked and is not curly and should set up well on the back.


The Airedale has a great sense of humor and can be an entertaining companion dog. It has a joyful disposition. It is very loving, good, and affectionate pet. It is friendly toward strangers when properly introduced. This is a good family pet and is good with children. The Airedale is bred to be a guardian but is not vicious. It is a good watchdog.

Common Health Problems

They are prone to degenerative retina construction, hip dysplasia, dermatitis and allergies. Their over productive thyroid may lead to skin problems.

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