American Eskimo Dog Breed Profile

by Dr. Chris

American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog

AKC Group: Non-Sporting Group

The American Eskimo dog makes for a wonderful all around pet. It is terrific as a city or country dog and is considered good for a first time pet owner.


The American Eskimo Dog is a very ancient dog that descended from the German Spitz. Its origins in the Arctic and northern climates are accountable for its coat and coloration. The Eskie was brought to the United States, especially to New York in the early 1900's by European immigrants. It is beleived that this breed is descendants of Pomeranians, Keeshondens, and Spitzes.

During the 1930's and 40's it gained notoriety as a circus dog due to its intelligent ability to learn circus tricks. Doing stunts such as tightrope walking made the Eskie a prized performer. It was first recognized as the American Eskimo Dog by the American United Kennel club, circa 1920.

Physical Features

The American Eskimo Dog is a small to medium size breed known for its deep white to cream color coat. It comes in three sizes: toy, miniature and standard. The Eskie is about 9-19 inches in height and weighs about 6-35 pounds. It has triangular, alert ears. The breed is slightly longer than tall and has a sturdy body. The leg hairs tend to be wispy and the tail is furry and curly, carried well over its rump. The Eskie appears with a furry ring around its neck like a collar or mane. The muzzle hair is smooth and short.


They love to play, just put it in a yard with a ball and watch it go. It is loving, loyal and active. They love attention and are a good companion dog. They are quick to bark at people and strange things outside and that makes them a good watch dog. Are good with children; a loving family pet for all to enjoy.

Common Health Problems

Eskie is prone to hip dysplasia which can cause lameness, and luxating patellas. They are also prone to progressive retina atrophy and blue-eyed dogs can be prone to blindness. A good diet is important.

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