Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain dog is also called Berner Sennenhund or the Bouvier Bernois. It is a farm dog that originated in Berne, Switzerland.


Weight: 85-120 pounds (38-55kg)
Height: 24-28 inches (61-71 cm)
Coat: moderate to long, straight to wavy
Litter size: about 8 puppies
Life span: about 7 to 15 years

This breed has a distinct tri-color coat. The feet, chest, muzzle, tail tip and between the eyes are white. Most of the body is black, with tan on the underside and above the feet and above each eye. Males are usually larger than females. This breed is very strong. The tail is long and bushy, carried low. They do best when housed outside in a yard.


These are outdoor dogs that can behave very well indoors. They require a moderate amount of exercise but do not have a great endurance. They have been described as friendly to other people and dogs, loyal, faithful and intelligent. They are cheerful and get along well with cats and children.

They have stable temperament and are calm. The Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America offers drafting trials, and dogs can earn a NDD (Novice Draft Dog) or a DD (Draft Dog) title. Regional Bernese clubs often offer carting workshops.

These dogs are very easy to train and are good watchdogs.


This breed is short lived in general. The median longevity is 7 to 8 years. With a maximum age of 16 years. Other dogs of similar size have longevities of 10 to 11 years. Bernese mountains dogs usually die of cancer at a higher rate.

Also due to the large size they are prone to arthritis, hip dysplasia, and cruciate ligament ruptures.


Brush coat every week or two. If undercoat is being shed, then daily brushing maybe required. They shed year-round, but are considered to be more hypo-allergenic than other dogs in general.

AKC Working Group


The Bernese Mountain Dog is a good dog if you have a large yard and children.

To learn more about dog breeds, check out our Dog Breed List.

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Bernese Mountain Dog