Bichon Frise Dog Breed Profile

by Dr. Chris

Bichon Frise Dog

Bichon Frise Dog

AKC Group: Non-Sporting Group

The Bichon Frise is an extremely cute, white, fluffy lap dog. It became very popular in the 1980's when everyone had to have one! However this led to over breeding. Make sure that when choosing your pet you purchase the right breed line from a reputable breeder.


The Bichon Frise was developed in the Mediterranean area when a Barbet (a huge water spaniel) was crossed with a white lap dog. The Barbet name later came to be called the "Barbichon cam" which later took the shortened name of Bichon. From the Bichon came the Poodle and the Maltese breeds. They do have certain similarities. The Bichon Frise of nowadays has its heritage in the Bichon Tenerife derived from the Mediterranean region of Tenerife in Canary Islands.

Physical Features

The Bichon Frise is a happy go lucky package of energy that loves to please everyone. It is an active, intelligent, alert sensitive breed of dog and a great family pet- especially for families where allergies are a problem. The dog is hypo-allergenic. The Bichon stands only 9-12 inches tall and weighs about 7-12 pounds. It has a double coat of fur which is about 3-4 inches long. The outer layer is curly and the undercoat is soft and silky. It's primarily a white dog though some are cream color or shades thereof. When grooming some people trim the curly outer coat not realizing that the longer outer coat not only keeps the dog warmer in winter but also keeps it cooler in the summer.


The Bichon Frise is very playful and if properly trained loves to do tricks. It is a friendly little creature that is friendly toward dogs. Similarly, the Bichon Frise is friendly to other pets. Bichons are very gentle and loving to all.

Common Health Problems

Patella luxation (kneecap may lock up; a vet can diagnose and treat); occasionally cataracts may develop; allergies; ear infections; some tooth problems may occur.

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