Bolognese Dog Breed Profile

by Luke Blaise

Bolognese Dog

Bolognese Dog

Breeds Not AKC Approved

The Bolognese dog is a small dog resembling a Bichon Frise. Originally from Italy, it is a normally small white companion dog. With the beginnings of being a rodent chaser, these dogs have risen to sit beside and be pampered by royalty. Even the famous Marilyn Monore had a Bolognese for a pet.


The Bolognese is a toy breed that is from the Bichon group. The group is said to have come from a type of canine called "Melitensis" and were found in different Mediterranean countries. The Maltese, Havanese, and Coton de Tulear are considered to be relatives of the Bolognese. Their existence is believed to have begun around the 11th and 12th century in southern Italy and some parts of Malta as well. Bologna, an Italian town was where the name of the dog was derived from.

Physical Features

The Bolognese is a toy dog with a small build. However their compact bodies are muscular and not frail at all. Their height is almost the same as the length. The head is oval or maybe more similar to an egg in shape. Fore and hindquarters are well developed and can move quickly for their size and have the ability to perform physical tricks.

The distinctive feature of this toy dog is the white and wooly textured coat. They have short tails that have a slight curve to it. Males of this breed can stand from 10.5 to 12 inches will females maximum height is 11 inches. They can both weigh between 4.5 to 9 pounds and can live an average of 12 to 15 years.


They are playful when given attention. They are very affectionate- especially to the master. Eager to please, these dogs are highly trainable due to their intelligence but hard to housebreak. Jealous of attention paid to other pets, it is tolerant and not dominant. They are known to be reserved and shy with strangers. They love to play with older children.

Common Health Problems

A Bolognese dog is a healthy breed with no identified genetic illnesses. Similar to other breeds, veterinary care is necessary.

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