Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed Profile

by Dr. Chris

AKC Group: Toy Group

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has been a favorite of British royals for centuries. It has a very gentle personality that is great with people and children. But the long coat requires at least weekly attention for optimal upkeep.


Named after King Charles II, this Cavalier King Charles Spaniel originated from the King Charles spaniel. In 16th century this breed first appeared and was loved by the nobility in England. The folks of that time thought these dogs could keep pests away, and several actually thought they could help the owner avoid certain types of stomach diseases. Ladies would be known to carry one of these dogs on their laps during carriage rides to keep them warm.

Physical Features

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel actually is a well-balanced small dog. The smooth coat is moderately long with feathering at the legs chest, ears and tail. Shades consist of King Charles (black and tan), ruby (rich mahogany red), Prince Charles (tricolor), and Blenheim (red and white). Blenheim dogs, a chestnut-red just right on over the head among the ears are liked by breeders, but are not crucial.

The breed has four identified colors. The color of the nose is black and the teeth match of a scissors bite. The eyes which are dark brown are circular and well set separate with eye rims that are dark. The lengthy ears are fixed-high with ample feathering. The top line is even. The tail left undocked.

This breed normally stands about 12 to 13 inches tall and weigh about 13 to 20 pounds.


The breed is very loving, playful, very patient and desirous to please. It is great with kids as well as other dogs. Cavaliers aren't timid about mingling with bigger dogs. They'll adjust easily to just about any surroundings, household, and location. Their potential to connect with bigger and smaller dogs makes them perfect for multi-dog households.

Common Health Problems

Susceptible to syringomyelia, back troubles, dislocating kneecaps (patella), ear infections, genetic eye illness, and early onset of deafness. This breed has a tendency to gain pounds very easily.

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