Collie Dog Breed Profile

by Dr. Chris

Collie Dog

Collie Dog

AKC Group: Herding Group

The Collie dog (Rough Collie) is easily recognized by most people as Lassie. With is long flowing coat and long narrow muzzle is appears very elegant when running. Originally from England and Scotland this dog excelled at herding cattle and sheep.


The true origin of the Collie is not known, however it is believed to have originated in Scotland and England from earlier dog herding breeds. Also it is thought the Irish Setter and Borzoi contributed to this breed as well.

Before the mid 1900's the Rough Coated Collie was barely recognized out of Scotland. The early Rough Collies were small, with shorter muzzles and larger heads. The dogs were utilized as water rescuers, herders, and guide of cows and sheep.

Physical Features

The Collie is a strong, lean, large dog. Their body is a bit lengthier than it's tall. The rough coat is long and ample throughout the body although it is short at the legs and head.

The outside coat is harsh to touch and straight, but the base coat is tight and soft. The soft coat range is a short 1 inch layer throughout the body. The coat shades on the Smooth Collie and Rough Collie include blue merle, white & tan, tri color black or mainly white w/sable, sable & white, blue merle tattoos or tri-color tattoos.

Adults reach a weight of about 50 to 75 pounds. Also they stand anywhere between 22 to 26 inches tall.


The Collie is an extremely intelligent dog. Loyal, mild-mannered, simple to train, sensitive and sweet. Generally excellent to other animals and pleasant to other dogs. Docile, faithful, playful and caring of their families and excellent with children. The Collies have a strange feeling of direction. They're friendly and good-natured dogs.

Common Health Problems

Typically healthy dogs. Several lines are susceptible to progressive retinal atrophy, Collie eye syndrome, and hip problems resulting in acute arthritis and lameness. Collies need sunblock is out in the sun a long time.

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