Dog Breeding

Should I breed my dog?

If you choose to pursue dog breeding, realize that it is a big time and money investment. Also realize that just because your dog is registered doesn’t necessarily mean that it would make a good breeding dog. Almost any dog with purebred parents can be registered. Having a registered dog does not mean that your dog should or can be bred.



Choosing to breed dogs is a big responsibility, not only in time and money but also a large responsibility in caring for all those dogs. This is a long term project that requires a large commitment on your part. Are you willing to put in a minimum of 10 years just to see your payoff? Probably over 90% of dog breeders are out of business within three years.

If you do decide to breed your dog, you must be clear on what your motivation and goal is. Your motivation and goal should be to breed dogs that are as close to the breed standard as possible.

There are a large number of costs involved in the breeding of dogs. First, you have to build a kennel, and pay for all that food. Then you have to likely pay stud dog fees that can costs thousands, if you don’t own a stud dog.



Then there is also the initial cost of raising the puppies to weaning before you can even sell them. There are all those puppy vaccines and dewormings to do, and paying for the pedigree papers. In addition to paying for puppy care, it also costs to advertise puppies for sale as well.

When deciding what two dogs to breed together you have to look at their pedigrees to make sure they would have compatible outcomes. Some diseases are genetically recessive so if both dogs carry this gene, they could produce puppies with this gene expressed.

Part of the large veterinary bill is having each puppy thoroughly evaluated. Eyes and hearts have to be checked for birth defects, then each puppy is checked at some point for canine hip dysplasia and joints have to be checked, thyroid levels measured, and hernias need to be absent.

It is also hard to find a veterinarian who has experience in working with breeders. Most vets in general practice don’t have the experience necessary to guide beginner dog breeders in making selections, screening for brucellosis, etc. This business is a lot more than just whelping puppies and dealing with the occasional dystocia.

If you really want to make the commitment to start breeding, go in with your eyes wide open to avoid any surprises. Start with a business plan and have written goals on where you want your dog breeding to lead to.