Maltese Dog Breed Profile

by Luke Blaise

Maltese Dog

Maltese Dog

AKC Group: Toy Group

The Maltese dog is known for is white silky hair. A very intelligent dog, that learns quickly. It has a great personality that gets along great with children.


The Maltese dog was one time called "Ye ancient dogge of Malta," for this is where these dogs were first identified and how they acquired their name. The breed has been an aristocrat of the dog world for more than twenty eight centuries, possessed by royalty around the world. Even dating back to the 1500's these dogs were believed to being sold for $2,000. And while other companion dogs like the Pomeranian are bred down from bigger sizes, the very first Maltese dogs were similar size as what we see now.

Physical Features

This breed is a toy dog covered all over with silky, long, white hair. Their body is compact, the tallness from withers down equaling the size from the withers to the mane of the tail. Their chest is pretty deep, the loins tight, sturdy, and just a bit tucked up beneath. Weight under 7 pounds, with anywhere from 4 to 6 pounds desired.

Entire quality shall be favored more than size. The coat is a single layer, with no undercoat. It hangs flat, long, and silky along the sides. Any coat that is curly is penalized.


For many of his diminutive dimensions, the Maltese is apparently without fear. His affectionate and trust responsiveness are extremely appealing. He is one of the gentlest mannered of all small dogs, yet he's energetic and playful and also vigorous.

Common Health Problems

At risk of sunburn over the hair parting; eye issues, respiratory, skin, and slipped stifle. Some could be hard to feed with poor, upset digestion. They could get the chills, and they also experience soreness in warm weather. Maltese must be kept out of damp areas. They're also susceptible to teeth problems. Giving dry dog cookies in addition to their regular food could help the teeth stay cleaner and healthier.

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